Biodiversity is the variety of life in a particular habitat, ecosystem, and the world. This includes the number of species of plants, animals, microorganisms, and different ecosystems throughout the planet. Additionally, at a small scale, genes make up the code of life that is in every cell, giving individuals within a species their unique characteristics.
"At least 40 per cent of the world’s economy and 80 per cent of the needs of the poor are derived from biological resources. In addition, the richer the diversity of life, the greater the opportunity for medical discoveries, economic development, and adaptive responses to such new challenges as climate change." - The Convention about Life on Earth
Biodiversity can help us adapt to climate change. By restoring and maintaining healthy, biodiverse ecosystems, we can mitigate climate change impacts by absorbing excess flood water and buffering against coastal erosion and extreme weather events. Forests, peatlands, and other habitats are major stores of carbon, helping us limit atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations. - Eurpoean Commision
Deforestation is a direct cause of extinction and loss of biodiversity with an estimated 18 million acres of forest being destroyed each year due to logging and other destructive human practices.
Overhunting, overfishing, over-harvesting and poaching kill of numerous species and greatly contribute to the loss of biodiversity resulting in catastrophic consequences for ecosystems.
Dumping 19 billion pounds of plastic into the ocean a year, nutrient loading from agricultural runoff, and air pollution among others threaten biodiversity by destroying ecosystems and causing plant and animal die-offs.
Only plant native species specific to your region and plant a variety of different trees, shrubs, and herbaceous perennials. Avoid all plants treated with neonicotinoids and consult with local native plant experts and groups prior to starting any project!
Help out in your local community to restore native habitats, control invasive species, and build riparian buffers. Join with others to create community gardens, start street tree programs, and encourage municipal recycling programs!
Reduce the amount of waste entering our oceans and landscape by being a responsible recycler!!! Always follow all guidelines when recycling to ensure that what you send to the recycling facility actually can be recycled!!! Don't have a recycling program in your community? Consider starting one by forming a community petition for your local government.
Be a responsible consumer and only by products that are sustainably sourced! Reduce your energy consumption by installing energy efficient bulbs, appliances, etc...; installing solar panels and residential windmills or purchasing your electricity from renewable sources; and by installing flow reducers on your water lines.